Hungary is a unitary parliamentary republic in Central Europe. It covers an area of 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi), situated in the Carpathian Basin and bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, Slovenia to the west and Austria to the northwest. With about 10 million inhabitants, Hungary is a medium-sized member state of the European Union. The official language is Hungarian, which is the most widely spoken Uralic language in the world.
Hungary is undoubtedly one of the world’s most favourite tourist destinations. The Hungarian culture, music, art, architecture, spas, unique flora and fauna, national parks, cuisine and wine attract millions of visitors every year.
Despite its small size, Hungary has an abundance of natural attributes. In the 10 national parks there are wild river areas, rolling hills, expansive lakeside areas, mountain ridges covered with thick forests, endless plains and the unrivalled treasures of the limestone region.
The country is honored to have 8 sites recognised by UNESCO as being worthy of protection and conservation as part of the World Heritage. Four of them, the national parks of the Aggtelek karst with Central Europe's largest cave system, Lake Fertő, the wine region of Tokaj and the grass plain of the Hortobágy are natural treasures.
You can find more information about Hungary here.
Budapest, with its more than a thousand-year history, is one of Europe's youngest capitals, as Pest, Buda and Obuda merged together in 1873 making the city we love and know now. The life of the inhabitants was determined by the river Danube as it provided merchants free crossing and inhabitants shelter among surrounding hills. Budapest is rich in natural beauties and its architecture is world-famous as you can find structures from many eras.
Budapest is widely regarded as one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. The neo-Gothic Parliament, currently the biggest building in Hungary with its 268 metres length, contains amongst other things the Hungarian Crown Jewels. At Saint Stephen's Basilica the Holy Right Hand of the founder of Hungary, King Saint Stephen is on display. Castle Hill and the Castle District involves three churches, six museums, and hosts interesting buildings, streets and squares. The former Royal Palace is one of the symbols of Hungary – and has been the scene of battles and wars ever since the 13th century. In Pest, undeniably the most important sight is Andrássy street. This Avenue is an elegant 2.5 kilometres (2 miles) long tree-lined street that covers the distance from Deák Ferenc square to the Heroes’ square. Heroes’ square is dominated by the Millenary Monument, with the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in front. The Castle Hill, the River Danube embankments and the whole of Andrássy street have been officially recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Under the road runs continental Europe's oldest Underground railway, most of whose stations retain their original appearance. The Dohány Street Synagogue is the largest synagogue in Europe, and the second largest active synagogue in the world.
The culture of Budapest is reflected by Budapest's size and variety. Most Hungarian cultural movements first emerged in the city. Budapest is an important center for music, film, theatre, dance and visual art. The city glories in 223 museums and galleries, here are the greatest examples among them: the Hungarian National Museum, the Hungarian National Gallery, the Museum of Fine Arts (where one can see the pictures of Hungarian painters, like Victor Vasarely, Mihály Munkácsy), the House of Terror (hosted in the building that was the venue of the Nazi Headquarters).
In Budapest there are more than forty theatres, seven concert halls and an opera house. The largest theatre facilities are the National Theatre, the Palace of Arts, known as MUPA and the building of the Budapest Opera. Several annual festivals take place in Budapest, such as Sziget Festival, one of the largest outdoor music festival in Europe, the Budapest Spring Festival presents concerts at several venues across the city. Budapest Wine Festival and Budapest Pálinka Festival occur each May and gastronomy festivals focus on culinary pleasures. The city is home to several authentic Hungarian folk dance ensembles which range from small ensembles to professional troupes. Budapest is one of the few cities in the world where a high school for folk dance learning exists.
Budapest is home to over 35 higher education institutions, among which there is a large number of universities. Under the Bologna Process, many offered qualifications are accredited in countries all across Europe. Medicine, dentistry, pharmaceuticals, veterinary studies, and engineering are among the most popular fields for foreigners to undertake in Budapest. Most universities in Budapest offer courses in English, as well as in other languages like German, French or Dutch, aimed specifically at foreigners. Many students from other European countries spend one or two semesters in Budapest as part of the Erasmus Programme. The Budapest University of Technology and Economics is the most prestigious university in learning engineering in the country. It has a unique qualification program and students can choose from a wide variety of fields of engineering.
There were many beautiful places we could select as the venue of the 8th IYCE and we are certain we made the best choice and all the participants will be fond of the astonishing landscapes of Eger. Eger is located in Northern Hungary in the valley of the Eger Stream and in the Bükk Mountains.
The town is the most populated in Northern Hungary and can be regarded as an outstanding cultural and educational centre of the country. Cathedral Basilica of St. John the Apostle, one of the greatest churches in Hungary is situated here with its glory along with the Eger Castle which has a respectable historical value.
Despite its natural and cultural heritage, Eger is mostly known for its unique wine called Egri Bikavér (Bull's Blood of Eger) which became the first quality wine of our country.
The surrounding areas of the city are worth mentioning too, about a 20 minute drive from Eger there is an extraordinary formation in Egerszalók called salt hills. It is about 1200 m2 large, created by thermal water which contains 30 different trace minerals. This thermal water is also used in local spa pools.
For more information and pictures from Eger go to this website.
Bank, currency, credit cards
The unit of currency is the Hungarian Forint (HUF), denoted as “Ft” by the Hungarians. International credit cards (EC/MC, Visa) are accepted at most hotels, restaurants and shops. Revolut cards might also prove to be useful. AMEX is rarely accepted by retailers. ATMs are available all over Budapest and Eger. (1 EUR is equivalent to approx. 363 HUF). Banking hours are usually from 9:00 until 17:00 from Monday to Thursday, on Fridays banks tend to close earlier, usually 15:00 or 16:00.
The electricity supply in Hungary is 230 V AC (50 Hz). Type F plug is used in Hungary.
Budapest and Eger are both of the safest cities for tourists. However, in some areas (especially close to railway stations and busier public transport routes) you should pay attention to your values.
Tap water quality
The drinking water quality in Hungary is excellent and safe to drink.
First aid, emergency and insurance
As with other EU member states, all emergency services can be reached by dialling 112. Hungary also maintains its internal numbers:
− Police (Rendőrség) - 107
− Ambulance (Mentők) - 104 (In Budapest, dial 06 1/311 - 1666 for English speaking service)
− Fire service (Tűzoltóság) - 105
To obtain the international operator (for placing collect calls etc.), dial 199.
The Hungarian operator is available on 197.
Public transportation in Budapest is provided by the Centre for Budapest Transport (BKK), one of the largest transportation authorities in Europe. BKK operates 4 metro lines – including the historic Line 1, the oldest underground railway in continental Europe –, 5 suburban railway lines, 35 tram lines, 14 trolleybus lines, 246 bus lines (including 41 night routes), 3 boat services, ans smart vehicle sharing networks providing cars, bicycles and electric scooters.. On an average weekday, BKK lines transport 4.2 million riders.
Eger also has its own public transport system with 21 bus lines provided by Middle-East-Hungarian Transport Centre (KMKK). However, everything can be reached by foot as well.
There are several Taxi companies around Budapest and Eger. The taxis are marked with the word "Taxi", often accompanied by a company name/logo such as "City Taxi". All taxi vehicles must have a yellow registration plate, as opposed to the white background on regular car plates. All taxa meters are equipped with a receipt-printing function, displaying the fares charged and the identification of the driver.
The fare is composed of 3 parts, the prices may differ depending on the company:
− Basic fee
− Per kilometre charge
− Waiting fee
It is customary to tip the driver about 10% of the full fare, if you were satisfied with the service.
Taxi Companies in Budapest
- City Taxi: +36 1 2-111-111
- Főtaxi: +36 1 222-2222
- Taxi4: +36 1 444-4444
- Budapest Taxi: +36 1 777-7777
Taxi Companies in Eger
- Taxi-Eger: +36 30 741-7823
- City Taxi Eger: +36 80 622-622
- Tourist Taxi Eger: +36 80 777-444
Getting to the city
By air Liszt Ferenc International Airport is 16 km South-East from the city centre. It is directly reachable from all European capitals; flight time is less than 2 hours. Airport Terminal 2 is divided between Terminal 2A and Terminal 2B hosting all traditional carriers’ flights, charter flights and low-cost airlines.
Transport to/from the Airport The city centre can be easily reached by taxi, minibus, public transportation and of course by car. The main car hire firms have offices in the arrivals halls. For those not driving or taking a taxi the Airport Minibus will carry passengers to and from any part of Budapest.
Főtaxi, a taxi company will transport passengers between the terminals and Budapest. Taxi drivers speaking at least one foreign language are in service with ‘A’ category big-size cars younger than five years. All cars are equipped with a POS terminal, therefore credit cards are also accepted. Reservations can be made in person at the Főtaxi booths located at the exits at Terminals 2A and 2B. At the taxi rank in front of the stands, taxis are parking continuously, waiting for passengers.
The door-to-door transfer operates as a shared-ride service, which means that passengers traveling to/from the same/closely situated address are transported in the same vehicle. Every vehicle is equipped with dual-air conditioning systems and Wi-Fi hotspots for free internet access, further increasing passenger comfort during the journey. All minibuses arrive to and depart from the main entrances of the terminals.
Public transport in Budapest
The easiest way to reach the city centre is by bus 100E, which is an accelerated bus service from Liszt Ferenc Airport 2 to Deák Ferenc tér. In between it only stops at two transport hubs, Kálvin tér and Astoria. From these stops you can transfer to M2, M3 and M4 metros to the railway stations. M2 connects the Déli Railway Station with Keleti Railway Station that can be accessed from Astoria and Deák Ferenc tér metro stations. The Nyugati Railway Station can be accessed with the M3 metro from Deák Ferenc tér and Kálvin tér. The Keleti Railway Station can be reached by M4 from Kálvin tér. The ticket for bus 100E can be purchased for 1000 HUF and for the metro a one-way ticket costs 350 HUF.
From Budapest to Eger
The timetables of the trains to Eger can be browsed on the website of MÁV (Hungarian State Railways), and tickets can be purchased online with discount. Trains run from Keleti Railway Station to Eger every hour.
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